Zum Hauptinhalt springen

Körperliche Aktivität und Atemwegserkrankungen, Asthma und Allergie

Veröffentlicht:


  • Nationale VersorgungsLeitlinie Asthma. Stand 2009. NVL 
  • Nationale VersorgungsLeitlinie COPD. Stand 2006. NVL 
  1. Jonasson G, Carlsen KCL, Leegaard J, Carlsen KH, Mowinckel P, Halvorsen KS. Trends in hospital admissions for childhood asthma in Oslo, Norway, 1980 - 95. Allergy 2000; 55: 232 - 9. PubMed  
  2. Skjønsberg OH, Clench-Aas J, Leegaard J, Skarpaas IJK, Giæver P, Bartonova A et al. Prevalence of bronchial asthma in schoolchildren in Oslo, Norway. Comparison of data obtained in 1993 and 1981. Allergy 1995; 50: 806 - 10. PubMed  
  3. Nja F, Roksund OD, Svidal B, Nystad W, Carlsen KH. Asthma and allergy among schoolchildren in a mountainous, dry, non-polluted area in Norway. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2000; 11: 40 - 8. PubMed  
  4. Brøgger J, Bakke P, Eide G, Johansen B, Andersen Å, Opdahl S et al. Increased prevalence of asthma and asthma-like symptoms in repeated communitysurveys of adults. Eur Respir J 1999; 14 (suppl 30): 216.
  5. International Paediatric Consensus Group on Asthma. Asthma: a follow up statement from an international paediatric asthma consensus group. Arch Dis Child 1992; 67: 240 - 8. PubMed  
  6. Gilbert IA, McFadden ER jr. Airway cooling and rewarming. The second reaction sequence in exercise-induced asthma. J Clin Invest 1992; 90: 699 - 704. PubMed  
  7. Rønsen O, Hem E, Edvardsen E, Halvorsen R, Carlsen KH. Changes in airways inflammatory markers during high intensity training in elite cross country skiers. Eur Respir J 1995; 8: 473. PubMed  
  8. Carlsen KH, Oseid S, Odden H, Mellbye E. The response to heavy swimming exercise in children with and without bronchial asthma. I: Oseid S, Carlsen KH, red. Children and exercise XIII. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 1989: 351 - 60.
  9. Sue-Chue M, Karjalainen EM, Altraja A, Laitinen A, Laitinen LA, Naess AB et al. Lymphoid aggregates in endobronchial biopsies from young elite cross-country skiers. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998; 158: 597 - 601. PubMed  
  10. Heir T, Oseid S. Self-reported asthma and exercise-induced asthma symptoms in high-level competetive cross-country skiers. Scand J Med Sci Sports 1994; 4: 128 - 33. PubMed  
  11. Larsson K, Ohlsen P, Larsson L, Malmberg P, Rydstrom PO, Ulriksen H. High prevalence of asthma in cross country skiers. BMJ 1993; 307: 1326 - 9. British Medical Journal  
  12. Sue-Chu M, Larsson L, Bjermer L. Prevalence of asthma in young cross-country skiers in central Scandinavia: differences between Norway and Sweden. Respir Med 1996; 90: 99 - 105. PubMed  
  13. Helenius IJ, Tikkanen HO, Haahtela T. Association between type of training and risk of asthma in elithe athletes. Thorax 1997; 52: 157 - 60. PubMed  
  14. Weiler JM, Metzger J, Donnelly AL, Crowley ET, Sharath MD. Prevalence of bronchial responsiveness in highly trained athletes. Chest 1986; 90: 23 - 8. PubMed  
  15. Heir T, Aanestad G, Carlsen KH, Larsen S. Respiratory tract infection and bronchial responsiveness in elite athletes and sedentary control subjects. Scand J Med Sci Sports 1995; 5: 94 - 9. PubMed  
  16. Drobnic F, Freixa A, Casan P, Sanchis J, Guardino X. Assessment of chlorine exposure in swimmers during training. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1996; 28: 271 - 4. PubMed  
  17. Helenius IJ, Tikkanen HO, Haahtela T. Occurrence of exercise induced bronchospasm in elite runners: dependence on atopy and exposure to cold air and pollen. Br J Sports Med 1998; 32: 125 - 9. British Journal of Sports Medicine  
  18. Taylor WR, Newacheck PW. Impact of childhood asthma upon health. Pediatrics 1992; 90: 657 - 62. Pediatrics  
  19. Strunk RC, Mrazek DA, Fukuhara JT, Masterson J, Ludwick SK, LaBrecque JF. Cardiovascular fitness in children with asthma correlates with psychological functioning of the child. Pediatrics 1989; 84: 460 - 4. Pediatrics  
  20. Emtner M, Herala M, Stalenheim G. High-intensity physical training in adults with asthma. A 10-week rehabilitation program. Chest 1996; 109: 323 - 30. PubMed  
  21. Emtner M, Finne M, Stalenheim G. A 3-year follow-up of asthmatic patients participating in a 10-week rehabilitation program with emphasis on physical training. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998; 79: 539 - 44. PubMed  
  22. Cochrane LM, Clark CJ. Benefits and problems of a physical training programme for asthmatic patients. Thorax 1990; 45: 345 - 51. PubMed  
  23. Bundgaard A, Ingemann-Hansen T, Schmidt A, Halkjaer-Kristensen J. Effect of physical training on peak oxygen consumption rate and exercise-induced asthma in adult asthmatics. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 1982; 42: 9 - 13. PubMed  
  24. Matsumoto I, Araki H, Tsuda K, Odajima H, Nishima S, Higaki Y et al. Effects of swimming training on aerobic capacity and exercise induced bronchoconstriction in children with bronchial asthma. Thorax 1999; 54: 196 - 201. PubMed  
  25. Robinson DM, Egglestone DM, Hill PM, Rea HH, Richards GN, Robinson SM. Effects of a physical conditioning programme on asthmatic patients. N Z Med J 1992; 105: 253 - 6. PubMed  
  26. Ram FS, Robinson SM, Black PN. Effects of physical training in asthma: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med 2000; 34: 162 - 7. British Journal of Sports Medicine  
  27. Stanghelle JK, Michalsen H, Skyberg D. Five-year follow-up of pulmonary function and peak oxygen uptake in 16-year-old boys with cystic fibrosis, with special regard to the influence of regular physical exercise. Int J Sports Med 1988; 9 (suppl 1): 19 - 24.
  28. Stanghelle JK, Skyberg D, Haanaes OC. Eight-year follow-up of pulmonary function and oxygen uptake during exercise in 16-year-old males with cystic fibrosis. Acta Paediatr 1992; 81: 527 - 31. PubMed  
  29. Leser C, Rothe TB, Karrer WL. Rehabilitation of cystic fibrosis in adulthood. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax 1997; 86: 1984 - 90. PubMed  
  30. White RJ, Rudkin ST, Ashley J, Stevens VA, Burrows S, Pounsford JC et al. Outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J R Coll Physicians Lond 1997; 31: 541 - 5. PubMed  
  31. Bendstrup KE, Ingemann JJ, Holm S, Bengtsson B. Out-patient rehabilitation improves activities of daily living, quality of life and exercise tolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eur Respir J 1997; 10: 2801 - 6. PubMed  
  32. Young P, Dewse M, Fergusson W, Kolbe J. Improvements in outcomes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attributable to a hospital-based respiratory rehabilitation programme. Aust N Z J Med 1999; 29: 59 - 65. PubMed  
  33. Berry MJ, Rejeski WJ, Adair NE, Zaccaro D. Exercise rehabilitation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease stage. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999; 160: 1248 - 53. PubMed