Zum Hauptinhalt springen

Veränderungen der Zunge

Zuletzt bearbeitet: Zuletzt revidiert:
Zuletzt revidiert von:

  1. Reamy BV, Derby R, Bunt CW. Common tongue conditions in primary care. Am Fam Physician. 2010;81(5):627-634. PubMed  
  2. Mangold AR, Torgerson RR, Rogers RS 3rd. Diseases of the tongue. Clin Dermatol. 2016;34(4):458-469. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2016.02.018 doi.org  
  3. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie. Diagnostik und Therapie des Mundhöhlenkarzinoms. AWMF-Leitlinie Nr. 007 - 100OL. S3, Stand 2021. register.awmf.org  
  4. Shulman JD, Beach MM, Rivera-Hidalgo F. The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in U.S. adults: data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. J Am Dent Assoc 2004; 135: 1279-86. PubMed  
  5. Radtke M. Veränderungen der Mundschleimhaut. In: Moll I, Hrsg. Duale Reihe Dermatologie. 8. vollständig überarbeitete Auflage. Stuttgart: Thieme; 2016. eref.thieme.de  
  6. Byrd JA, Bruce AJ, Rogers RS III. Glossitis and other tongue disorders. Dermatol Clin 2003; 21: 123-34. PubMed  
  7. Daneshpazhooh M, Moslehi H, Akhyani M, Etesami M. Tongue lesions in psoriasis: a controlled study. BMC Dermatol 2004; 4: 16. PubMed  
  8. Ozgursoy OB, Karatayli Ozgursoy S, Tulunay O, Kemal O, Akyol A, Dursun G. Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome revisited as a misdiagnosed disease. Am J Otolaryngol 2009; 30: 33-7. PubMed  
  9. Grevers, G. Blickdiagnostik: Veränderungen an der Zunge. Thieme via medici. Fachartikel HNO 03.03.2015. abgerufen am 17.01.2023. m.thieme.de  
  10. Shulman JD, Carpenter WM. Prevalence and risk factors associated with geographic tongue among US adults. Oral Dis 2006; 12: 381-6. PubMed  
  11. Assimakopoulos D, Patrikakos G, Fotika C, Elisaf M. Benign migratory glossitis or geographic tongue: an enigmatic oral lesion. Am J Med 2002; 113: 751-5. PubMed  
  12. Joseph BK, Savage NW. Tongue pathology. Clin Dermatol 2000; 18: 613-8. PubMed  
  13. McGrath EE, Bardsley P, Basran G. Black hairy tongue: what is your call? CMAJ. 2008; 178: 1137-8. PubMed  
  14. Gurvits GE, Tan A. Black hairy tongue syndrome. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Aug 21;20(31):10845-50. PMID: 25152586 PubMed  
  15. Gonsalves WC, Chi AC, Neville BW. Common oral lesions: Part I. Superficial mucosal lesions. Am Fam Physician 2007; 75: 501-7. American Family Physician  
  16. Wright BA, Fenwick F. Candidiasis and atrophic tongue lesions. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1981; 51: 55-61. PubMed  
  17. Mosca NG, Rose Hathorn A. HIV-positive patients: dental management considerations. Dent Clin North Am 2006; 50: 635-57, viii.
  18. Alramadhan SA, Bhattacharyya I, Cohen DM, Islam MN. Oral Hairy Leukoplakia in Immunocompetent Patients Revisited with Literature Review. Head Neck Pathol. 2021 Sep;15(3):989-993. pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov  
  19. Terai H, Shimahara M. Atrophic tongue associated with Candida. J Oral Pathol Med 2005; 34: 397-400. PubMed  
  20. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Zahn- Mund- und Kieferheilkunde. Stellungnahme der DGZMK „Orale Leukoplakie/Erythroplakie“ vom 26.02.2007. www.dgzmk.de  
  21. Jones AS, Rafferty M, Fenton JE, Jones TM, Husband DJ. Treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue base: irradiation, surgery, or palliation? Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2007; 116: 92-9. PubMed  
  22. Muller S, Tilakaratne WM. Update from the 5th Edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Head and Neck Tumors: Tumours of the Oral Cavity and Mobile Tongue. Head Neck Pathol. 2022;16(1):54-62. doi:10.1007/s12105-021-01402-9 doi.org  
  23. Llewellyn CD, Johnson NW, Warnakulasuriya KA. Risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity in young people - a comprehensive literature review. Oral Oncol 2001; 37: 401-18. PubMed  
  24. Rathva VJ. Traumatic fibroma of tongue. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Jan 24;2013:bcr2012008220. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2012-008220. PMID: 23354865; PMCID: PMC3604258. doi.org  
  25. Bates CJ, Flewitt A, Prentice AM, Lamb WH, Whitehead RG. Efficacy of a riboflavin supplement given at fortnightly intervals to pregnant and lactating women in rural Gambia. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1983; 37: 427-32. PubMed  
  26. Pastore L, Carroccio A, Compilato D, Panzarella V, Serpico R, Lo Muzio L. Oral manifestations of celiac disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 2008; 42: 224-32. PubMed  
  27. Segal LM, Stephenson R, Dawes M, Feldman P. Prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of ankyloglossia: methodologic review. Can Fam Physician 2007; 53: 1027-33. PubMed  
  28. Lee HJ, Jo DY. Images in clinical medicine. A smooth, shiny tongue. N Engl J Med 2009; 360:e8. New England Journal of Medicine  
  29. Lodi G, Manfredi M, Mercadante V, Murphy R, Carrozzo M. Interventions for treating oral lichen planus: corticosteroid therapies. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020;2(2):CD001168. Published 2020 Feb 28. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001168.pub3 doi.org  
  30. Ricke LA, Baker NJ, Madlon-Kay DJ, DeFor TA. Newborn tongue-tie: prevalence and effect on breast-feeding. J Am Board Fam Pract 2005; 18: 1-7. PubMed  
  31. Emond A, Ingram J, Johnson D, et al. Randomised controlled trial of early frenotomy in breastfed infants with mild-moderate tongue-tie. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2013. PMID: 24249695 PubMed  
  32. Rogers RS III, Bruce AJ. The tongue in clinical diagnosis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2004; 18: 254-9. PubMed  
  33. McMillan R, Forssell H, Buchanan JAG, Glenny AM, Weldon JC, Zakrzewska JM. Interventions for treating burning mouth syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016; Issue 11: Art. No.: CD002779. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002779.pub3 DOI  
  34. Drage LA, Rogers RS III. Burning mouth syndrome. Dermatol Clin 2003; 21: 135-45. PubMed  
  35. Grushka M, Epstein JB, Gorsky M. Burning mouth syndrome. Am Fam Physician. 2002; 65: 615-20. PubMed  
  • Jonas Klaus, Arzt in Weiterbildung Neurologie, Hamburg
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim