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Hämatemesis und Meläna

Zuletzt bearbeitet: Zuletzt revidiert:
Zuletzt revidiert von:

  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gastroenterologie, Verdauungs- und Stoffwechselkrankheiten. S2k-Leitlinie Helicobacter pylori und gastroduodenale Ulkuskrankheit. AWMF-Leitlinie 021/001, Stand 2016. www.awmf.org 
  • European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). Diagnosis and management of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage: ESGE Guideline. Stand 2015. ESGE-Guideline. 
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  2. Wilkins T, Khan N, Nabh A, Schade RR. Diagnosis and management of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Am Fam Physician 2012; 85: 469-76. PubMed  
  3. Barkun AN, Bardou M, Kuipers EJ, et al. International consensus recommendations on the management of patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Ann Intern Med 2010; 152: 101-13. PubMed  
  4. Ghassemi KA, Jensen DM. Lower GI Bleeding: Epidemiology and Management. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2013. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov  
  5. Manning-Dimmitt LL, Dimmitt SG. Diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding in adults. Am Fam Physician 2005; 71: 1339-46. PubMed  
  6. Huang JQ, Sridhar S, Hunt RH. Role of Helicobacter pylori infection and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in peptic-ulcer disease: a meta-analysis. Lancet 2002; 359: 14-22. PubMed  
  7. Massó González EL, Patrignani P, Tacconelli S, García Rodríguez LA. Variability among nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Arthritis Rheum 2010; 62: 1592-1601. PubMed  
  8. van Walraven C, Mamdani MM, Wells PS, Williams GI. Inhibition of serotonin reuptake by antidepressants and upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients: retrospective cohort study. BMJ 2001; 323: 655. PubMed  
  9. Yuan Y, Tsoi K, Hunt RH. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and risk of upper GI bleeding: confusion or confounding? Am J Med 2006; 119: 719-27. PubMed  
  10. Hwang JH, Fisher DA, Ben-Menachem T, et al. The role of endoscopy in the management of acute non-variceal upper GI bleeding. Gastrointest Endosc. 2012;75:1132-1138. PubMed  
  11. Fallah MA, Prakash C, Edmundowicz S. Acute gastrointestinal bleeding. Med Clin North Am 2000; 84: 1183-208. PubMed  
  12. Palamidessi N, Sinert R, Falzon L, Zehtabchi S. Nasogastric aspiration and lavage in emergency department patients with hematochezia or melena without hematemesis. Acad Emerg Med 2010; 17: 126-32. PubMed  
  13. Winstead NS, Wilcox CM. Erythromycin prior to endoscopy for acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2007; 26: 1371-7. PubMed  
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  15. Koch T. Umdenken in der Volumentherapie. Dtsch Arztebl 2013. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2013.0441 DOI  
  16. Sreedharan A, Martin J, Leontiadis GI, et al. Proton pump inhibitor treatment initiated prior to endoscopic diagnosis in upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; (7): CD005415. The Cochrane Library  
  17. Sung JJ, Barkun A, Kuipers EJ, et al.; Peptic Ulcer Bleed Study Group. Intravenous esomeprazole for prevention of recurrent peptic ulcer bleeding: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 2009; 150: 455-64. Annals of Internal Medicine  
  18. Villanueva C, Colomo A, Bosch A, et al. Transfusion strategies for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. N Engl J Med 2013; 368: 11-21. New England Journal of Medicine  
  19. Adler DG. Assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. BMJ Best Practice, last updated Sep 22, 2014.
  20. Garcia-Tsao G, Sanyal AJ, Grace ND, Carey W; Practice Guidelines Committee of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases; Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Prevention and management of gastroesophageal varices and variceal hemorrhage in cirrhosis. Hepatology 2007; 46: 922-38. PubMed  
  21. Zuccaro G Jr. Management of the adult patient with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. American College of Gastroenterology. Practice Parameters Committee. Am J Gastroenterol 1998; 93: 1202-8. PubMed  
  22. Angtuaco TL, Reddy SK, Drapkin S, Harrell LE, Howden CW. The utility of urgent colonoscopy in the evaluation of acute lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding: a 2-year experience from a single center. Am J Gastroenterol 2001; 96: 1782-5. PubMed  
  23. Helicobacter pylori und gastroduodenale Ulkuskrankheit, Stand 2016, AWMF-Leitlinie 021/001. www.awmf.org  
  • Katrin Metz, Fachärztin für Allgemeinmedizin, Berlin
  • Henrik Forssell, docent och överläkare, Kirurgkliniken, Blekingesjukhuset, Karlskrona
  • Hermod Petersen, professor och överläkare, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet och medisinsk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Trondheim
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmänmedicin, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim
  • Jon Erik Grønbech, professor och överläkare, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet och kirurgisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Trondheim